Old Musical Instruments
Buying-Selling Early Musical Instruments
Saxophones Adolphe Sax
Fine french bassoons Adler, Savary, Cuvillier, Triebert, Gambay, Prudent, Porthaux, Buffet Crampon, Dubois
The modern bassoon has a colorful and complex past.
It evolved from a 16th century instrument known by a variety of names
During the 18th and 19th centuries the bassoon was gradually improved and refined.
It evolved from the 1713 three-key model played during the time of Mozart to six keys during Hayden's time to the the present 17 to 24 key versions of today.
Two schools of bassoon-making arose in the 1880s:
The French school under Jacoby fils, Savary, Triébert, Adler, Pezé, Tabard, Bühner et Keller, Dobner, Lecomte, Porthaux, Proff, Rust, Sax, Thieriot,Winnen, Delusse
and the German school under Scherer, Kraus, Grenser, Heckel, Jehring, Winckler,Carl Almenrader (1786 -1843)
19th century experiments in bassoon construction resulted in many interesting variations.
There were bassoons for military bands with globular and other odd-shaped brass and wooden bells, bassoons in F and G called tenoroons, semi contrabassoons, and sub contrabassoons.
During the 18th century, major solo and orchestral music was written for the bassoon elevating it's importance in the orchestra and it began to break away from just playing the continuo part.
Today the bassoon is used extensively in the symphony orchestra, opera, and most recently in the contemporary musicals of the 20th century, television, and movie soundtracks.
Innumerable composers have written for the bassoon, particularly during the 18th century, and the repertoire includes impressive parts in orchestral scores, woodwind ensemble music and many bassoon solo concertos.