Old Musical Instruments
Buying-Selling Early Musical Instruments
Saxophones Adolphe Sax
French Natural Horns and Stoelzel Valves,
Courtois, Raoux, Tabard, Labbaye, Gambaro, Cretien, Gautrot, Selmer, Guichard, Halary, Uhlmann
The Natural Horn was originally just used for as a special addition to the orchestra, but during the early 1700s composers began to include horn parts in most pieces, and the Horn became a part of the standard orchestra.
The main difference between the Natural Horn and the modern Horn was lack of valves ones.
However, the Natural Horn could only be played in one key, and to avoid having to switch instruments in the middle of a concert, players began using crooks, which were pieces of tubing that the hornist would attatch to the lead pipe, changing the length and modifying the key.
It is ideal to play Mozart, Frédéric Chopin, Franz Liszt, Robert Schumann, Félix Mendelssohn, Hector Berlioz, Johannes Brahms
The valves were invented in the early 19th century, and as early as the 1820s valves were integrated into Horns.
At this point the only valve that was used was the Piston Valve, similar to the valves of the Modern trumpet.
On the horn, these valves were very awkward, and did not gain very many supporters.
In the 1860s, though, the rotary valve was invented.
These proved to be a much better match for the Horn, and they are still used today.
Using valves produces a slightly different sound, though, so for older pieces many players still use Natural Horns.