Old Musical Instruments
Buying-Selling Early Musical Instruments
Saxophones Adolphe Sax
Cornets and Trumpets
Besson, Courtois, Guichard, Piatet, Finck, Muller, Kretzschmann, Aubertin, Couesnon, Gautrot, Selmer, King, Bach
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The cornet was initially derived from the post horn around 1820 in France. Among the first manufacturers of modern cornets was Parisian Jean Asté in 1828. Cornets first appeared as separate instrumental parts in 19th century French compositions.
This instrument could not have been developed without the improvement of piston valves by Heinrich Stöelzel and Friedrich Blühmel.
In the early 19th century these two instrument makers almost simultaneously invented the valves still used today.
The first notable virtuoso player was Jean-Baptiste Arban, who studied the cornet extensively and published
La grande méthode complète de cornet à piston et de saxhorn, commonly referred to as the Arban method, in 1864.
Up until the early 20th century, the trumpet and cornet coexisted in musical ensembles.
Symphonic repertoire often involves separate parts for trumpet and cornet.
As several instrument builders made improvements to both instruments, they started to look and sound more alike.
The modern day cornet is used in brass bands, concert bands, and in specific orchestral repertoire that requires a more mellow sound.
The instrument was once sometimes referred to as a cornopean, referencing the earliest cornets with the Stöelzel valve system.
The modern trumpet has valves that allow it to play the same notes and fingerings as the cornet
Cornets and trumpets made in a given key (usually the key of Bb) play at the same pitch, and the technique for playing the instruments is nearly identical. However, cornets and trumpets are not entirely interchangeable, as they differ in timbre.
Also available, but usually seen only in the brass band, is an Eb soprano model, pitched a fourth above the standard Bb