Old Musical Instruments
Buying-Selling Early Musical Instruments
Saxophones Adolphe Sax
Antique Trombone Clavicor, Buccin, Sackbut
Given the best evidence, which by all accounts is very much incomplete, the earliest trombone, called the sackbutt and similar names in England,
seems to have emerged from Belgium circa 1450.
The bells of these earliest instruments terminated in a rimless funnel little wider .
Like the modern trombone, these were a tenor instrument, and by the early 17th century there was an alto, a bass and a contrabass version.
The addition of trombones to the orchestra began in the 18th century, though their most popular role was as vocal support for the sacred music of the church, a tradition which continued until at least the mid-19th century.
By the mid-19th century, bell-size became wider as a larger, louder sound was desired, for performance in bands, and to generate greater volume in orchestras which were continually increasing in size
In early jazz the trombone played a more or less functional role, and was usually present as a single instrument.
One soloist of particular note, Tommy Dorsey.
The buccin is a visually distinctive trombone popularized in military bands in France between 1810–1845 which subsequently faded into obscurity.
The exact date of the invention of the buccin has not been documented and apart from Berlioz’s Messe, there is little in the way of surviving music for it.
Yet we do know that the buccin was popularized in military bands in France between 1810–1845
The visual appeal of band members in uniform playing instruments with zoomorphic heads (in addition to the buccin, serpents, bass horns, bassoons and Russian bassoons—a form of upright serpent—all were made with decorative bells) was indisputable and manufacturers were quick to supply more and more exotic designs.